One of the most delicious and adaptable vegetables growing anywhere in the globe, squash has a wealth of vitamins and offers excellent health advantages. Squash is an annual herbaceous vine, creeping and trailing plant and produces a large vegetable in size, colour, shape and markings, which are scaly on the surface. This vegetable belongs to the genus of “Cucurbita” and the family of “Cucurbitaceae”. There are primarily two types of squash available; Winter and summer squash, and most summer squash have a bushy growth habit, unlike the rambling vines of many winter squash.
Some common squash vegetables are winter squash, butternut, zucchini (summer squash), cushaw, pumpkin, gourd, and marrow. Squash is the most valuable source of vitamin A, calcium & phosphorus. Generally, tender and young shoots are used for culinary (cooking) purposes. India is the best place to grow squash commercially, as squash is a warm-season crop. Squash can also be grown in greenhouses and under shade nets by farmers. Farmers can grow the squash in containers, pots and backyards as well.
Steps of Squash Cultivation
When you start squash farming, you should pick the equipment made according to the respective agriculture, which is most important. However, in squash cultivation, you can select a popular tractor brand. As a result, you should be knowledgeable of and cautious when using farming equipment. However, it would help if you bought the latest tractor models and other equipment. Let’s take a detailed look at the cultivation method for squash.
Some Varieties of Squash
There are two different kinds of squash: winter squash and summer squash. You can discover various improved varieties within these groups. Acorn Squash, Ambercup Squash, Autumn Cup Squash, Butternut Squash, Buttercup Squash, Carnival Squash, Banana Squash, Fairytale Pumpkin Squash, and Delicata Squash are the best varieties. In addition, there are many kinds of squash grown worldwide, including the Gold Nugget, Spaghetti, Hubbard, Kabocha, Sweet Dumpling, and Turban varieties. Butternut squash is becoming more well-known due to its quality, and sunburn is not a complicated issue.
Climate Requirements of Squash Farming
Squash can thrive better in hot climatic conditions, and it is a warm-season crop. It can not withstand any frost conditions. The optimum monthly average temperature for good quality and yield is 22 °C to 29 °C. Squash seeds germinate best at 28°C – 32°C. It is advised to plant or sow squash when the soil temperatures are high enough for the seeds to germinate and the previous growing season has concluded.
Soil Requirements of Squash Farming
You can cultivate squash in a variety of soils. However, it grows best in well-drained sandy loam soils rich in organic matter. However, harvesting the crop in a wet field and cleaning it requires additional labour if cultivated in clay soils. If farmers grow the squash on a large scale, they should avoid the low-lying areas and do soil testing to find the nutrient deficiencies for the farm. The optimum soil pH is 5.5 to 6.5, resulting in the best fruit quality and good yield. You can also quickly get the Mini tractor price online.
Squash Farming- Seed Rate and Propagation
Farmers do the squash propagation through seeds. However, you can reproduce the plants vegetatively by cutting. Root cuttings can be expected to bear fruit sooner than plants from seed. Generally, farmers can directly transplant or seed summer squash for early marketing. Almost you require 2 to 4 kg of seeds for one-hectare land.
Squash Farming – Land Preparation, Sowing Time and Method
Prepare the field by doing 2 to 3 ploughing and harrowing and then ploughing the field at a 2 m. It would be best if you made the pit with a country plough or tractor to a depth of 15 cm. Remove any weeds from previous crops. Digging a pit between the hills at 2 to 3 metres is advisable. Sowing the seeds in moist soil is recommended 2.5 to 4 cm deep. For spacing, medium-vine squash should plant 2.0 to 2.0 m in rows, with plants spaced 0.5 to 0.6 m in rows. For larger varieties, provide additional spacing.
Squash Farming – Irrigation
It would help if you carried out frequent irrigation for better output in dry and drought conditions. It would help if you furrowed irrigation every 10-day interval, mainly vegetative, planting and flowering and fruit set stage. After fruit maturity, avoid irrigation; you can adopt drip irrigation for better water management.
Squash Farming – Weed Control
Weeding is a core activity that regularly contains to get the highest yield in squash farming. It would help if you did the hand weeding and hoeing for squash farming. While planting is done around 2 weeks old to control the weed growth, carry out the shallow cultivation. Shallow plant cultivation is necessary to keep the soil in good condition and clear of weeds before vines cover the land. It is possible to train vines to climb a trellis or a fence.
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